句子基本句型

本文最后更新于:2020年8月26日 晚上

五种基本语法结构

  • 主系表

  • 主谓

  • 主谓宾

  • 主谓双宾

  • 主谓宾宾补

1.主系表

  • 公共交通在上下班高峰期都很慢且不可靠

  • Public transport is slow and unreliable during rush hours.

  • 英语成为了一种重要的国际交流的工具

  • English has become an efficient tool for international communication.

谨慎写作主系表结构的定语从句

错误示范:

  • She is a girl who is beautiful.

  • People who are well-educated have better employment prospects.

  • English, which has become a tool for international communication is now spoken in many countries.

2-主谓(S+V)

  • Workforces in many countries are shrinking rapidly.

  • 许多国家的劳动力正在迅速萎缩

当vi.(及物动词)后加宾语,需要介词:

  • Immigrants have contributed to British culture in many ways.

  • concentrate on; specialize in; consist of; suffer from; object to

  • determine to do; decide to do; happen to do; aim to do

3.主谓宾(S+V+O)

  • 贫困家庭的孩子从父母那里得到更少的帮助

  • Children from poor families receive less support from their parents.

  • 全球变暖将对我们的星球产生显著的影响

  • Global warming will exert a significant impact on our planet.

难点1.中英文之间的差异:

  • 我赞成她对形势的分析

  • I agree with her analysis of the situation.

难点2:动宾搭配的合理性

  • 学习知识;促进交流;促进发展

  • acquire knowledge; improve communication; promote the development

4.主谓宾宾

  • 教育让人们拥有工作中需要的知识

  • Education gives people knowledge needed in the workplace.

  • 名牌大学能给学生提供更好的教育。

  • Prestigious universities can offer students better** education.

5.主谓宾宾补

The sun keep us warm